The split originated from what was described as a "civil war" in two competing bitcoin cash camps.[18][29] The first camp, supported by entrepreneur Roger Ver and Jihan Wu of Bitmain, promoted the software entitled Bitcoin ABC (short for Adjustable Blocksize Cap) which would maintain the block size at 32MB.[29] The second camp led by Craig Steven Wright and billionaire Calvin Ayre put forth a competing software version Bitcoin SV, short for "Bitcoin Satoshi's Vision," that would increase the block size limit to 128MB.[26][29]

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Rising fees on the Bitcoin network contributed to a push by some in the community to create a hard fork to increase the blocksize.[11] This push came to a head in July 2017 when some members of the bitcoin community including Roger Ver felt that adopting BIP 91 without increasing the block-size limit favored people who wanted to treat bitcoin as a digital investment rather than as a transactional currency.[12][13] This push by some to increase the block size met a resistance. Since its inception up to July 2017, Bitcoin users had maintained a common set of rules for the cryptocurrency.[12] Eventually, a group of bitcoin activists,[14] investors, entrepreneurs, developers[12] and largely China-based miners were unhappy with Bitcoin's proposed SegWit improvement plans meant to increase capacity and pushed forward alternative plans for a split which created Bitcoin Cash.[15] The proposed split included a plan to increase the number of transactions its ledger can process by increasing the block size limit to eight megabytes.[12][13]

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